Criminal conduct is punished in a variety of different ways, from imprisonment to penalties to community service. If you do something illegal and are caught for it, you are punished. In recent times, efforts have been made to set up an international criminal tribunal that has the authority to judge individuals regardless of their countries of origin. A tribunal of this sort is designed to judge those who have committed acts of genocide, war crimes, torture, and other actions that typically occur in armed conflicts throughout the world.
The International Criminal Court is currently set up in The Hague, Netherlands. However, the proceedings for a hearing can occur anywhere else. Procedures for investigations, enforcement of law, and other procedures are outlined within the Rome Statute. Over a hundred countries are currently members of the international criminal court, and this court is not affiliated with the UN. However, in some cases the UN may refer to the international criminal court to resolve an issue that has alarmed the international community.
The international criminal court will not act unless it is absolutely necessary. If a national judicial system can carry out a hearing effectively and genuinely, then the international criminal court will probably not get involved. Also, it is important to remember that the international criminal court only accepts the gravest cases concerning crimes against humanity, genocide, and other such actions.
International criminal court was essentially created to keep the perpetrators of atrocious acts from getting away with them. Over the past century hundreds if not thousands of such acts were committed. Having an international criminal court available to try individuals accused of such acts can help to provide retribution.
An international tribunal can only try an individual if the national judicial system with jurisdiction is unable or unwilling to judge him/her. A state that is unable to carry out a hearing is one that has experienced the collapse of its legal system. A state that is unwilling means authorities might be purposely protecting accused individuals. In either case, the international criminal court has the right to intervene and claim jurisdiction.
Separate from the international criminal court are the temporary tribunals established by the UN. These are temporary tribunals in which the perpetrators of specific war crimes are tried and sentenced. The international criminal court, on the other hand, was established to remain in service for as long as possible.