When discussing international criminal law, it is important to understand that there are various opinions held by the international community on whether or not specific actions should be considered as crimes. International criminal law deals specifically with the prosecution of individuals and groups held responsible for things like genocide, crimes against humanity, and war crimes. Prosecution is often carried out in an international criminal tribunal, and can be held in various places, although the official international criminal court is located in the Netherlands. Throughout history there have been atrocious occurrences that needed to be settled in an international court of law.
There are 114 members of the international criminal court, and this includes most of Europe, Africa, and South America. In order for an investigation and prosecution to be performed in an international criminal court, the crime has to have been committed by an individual who is from a member state or committed within a member state. In some situations, the United Nations Security Council can refer a case to an international criminal court as well. The procedures for investigating and prosecuting individuals are outlined within the Rome Statute, which governs basically everything to do with how hearings are carried out in an international criminal court.
The international criminal court has the authority to order reparation for specific crimes. That is to say, an international criminal court can order a criminal to pay for crimes committed against a particular victim or the families of said victim. International law in general is quite different from the laws set in place by individual nations. It was organized primarily so that countries could govern conduct between themselves, and is mostly important in situations where large groups are involved. Individuals, on the other hand, are usually judged by state courts.
International criminal law is constantly evolving and new investigations are ongoing. To gain a more in-depth understanding of international criminal law, you might want to look into past trials that were held in international criminal courts. Studying these cases can help you to get a good idea of the type of procedures that are typically involved in an international court case. There are many different laws and regulations, but most of them are related specifically to atrocities considered to be extremely unjust. You should also consider dropping by some of the following sites to get a closer look at international criminal law and how it is applied.